5 things you need to know about Ukrainians during the Russian invasion

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5 things you need to know about Ukrainians when Russia continues to invade Ukraine and is approaching its capital Kiev. Ukrainians are Russian? What language they speak and much more.

AP

The Russian military approached the capital of Ukraine Kiev on Saturday, February 26, as Russia continues to invade the Eastern European nation.

“Make no mistake. Ukrainians will prevail, “- wrote the official Twitter of Ukraine on Thursday, February 24, the day of the attack on Russia.

“We have fought against the Russian and Soviet empires in the past, and – always – freedom and democracy have won.”

Here are 5 things you need to know about Ukrainians.

Ukrainians and Russians one nation?

Ukraine is the second largest European country by area and neighboring Russia.

It became an independent country in 1991 when it broke away from Soviet Union, the capital of which was Moscow, according to McClatchy News. Now Moscow is the capital of Russia.

In a letter dated July 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin wrote that he believed in it Russians and Ukrainians “One nation is one.”

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and experts do not agree.

“Let’s finally figure it out. Obviously we are not one nation. We have a lot in common. We share a part of history and memory, we are neighbors, we have mixed families, we share the victory over fascism and tragedy, ”the president said, according to the Ukrainian Crisis Media Center.

“But, I repeat, we are not one nation. If we were one nation, the currency in Moscow in Moscow would most likely be the hryvnia, and the flag flying over the State Duma would be yellow and blue. We are definitely not the only people. Each of us has his own way forward. “

Don Jensen, director of the U.S. Peace Institute at Russia and Europe, told Vox that saying citizens of a nation are one and the same thing. “like Texas, which claims direct descent from William the Conqueror. ”

“On the one hand, there have been constant mixed marriages between Ukrainians and Russians,” Jensen said. “But the Ukrainian language and culture are markedly different, and it’s very difficult for Russians to understand.”

Less than 12% of Ukrainians want their country and Russia unifyshowed a 2014 Pew Research Center survey.

Zelensky called Putin’s statements about Ukraine “propaganda”, the center said.

Ukrainians and Russians, being separate countries, have “shared heritage“, Which is” more than a thousand years old, “according to National Geographic.

The capital of Ukraine Kiev “was at the center of the first Slavic state” of Kievan Rus, known as the “family” of both Russia and Ukraine, according to National Geographic. Kievan Rus existed from 9 to 13 centuries.

In 2021, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba wrote on Twitter that “Ukrainians and Russians are two separately nation ”.

“We could live as good neighbors if Russia did not attack Ukraine in 2014, killing thousands of people, occupying our lands,” he said, referring to Russia’s annexation of Crimea, which the United States does not recognize, according to the State Department.

The indigenous population of Ukraine is the Crimean Tatars, Crimean Tatars and Karaites, Kuleb added.

“Russians are a national minority protected by the Constitution, as are other minorities. They have (their) state, so they cannot be considered indigenous. “

What language do Ukrainians speak?

Residents of Ukraine mostly speak Ukrainian, which is similar to Russian language as well as Polish, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. Poland is another of Ukraine’s neighbors in Eastern Europe.

Ukrainian, Russian and Belarusian come from “a branch of the Slavic language family”, according to the encyclopedia.

In addition, 19 other languages ​​are spoken Ukrainereports “Translators without Borders”.

The 2001 census showed that 67% of their native languages ​​were Ukrainian, 30% Russian, 7% Romanian, 5% Crimean Tatar and 3% Bulgarian, among others.

The alphabet used by Ukrainians comes from Cyrillicwhich appeared around the 9th century. according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.

How many people live in Ukraine?

Approximately 43 million According to the World Population Review, as of 2022, people live in Ukraine.

This is one of the poorest European countries, according to the World Population Review.

Most of its inhabitants – 70% – live in Ukrainian cities, according to WorldData.info. Among its largest cities – Kiev, Kharkov and Odessa.

There were about 320,000 Ukrainians immigrants according to the Shevchenko Scientific Society, he has been living in the United States since 2018. They accounted for 28% of the 1.2 million Americans of Ukrainian descent across the United States

What are the religious beliefs of Ukrainians?

The majority of Ukrainians – 78%. Orthodox Christian, according to a 2015 Pew Research Center survey. In 1991, only 39% of the country said the same thing.

In addition, the poll found that 71% of Russians are also Orthodox.

Moreover, 51% of all Ukrainians, according to the poll, “say that at least in some ways it is important that someone was Orthodox to be truly Ukrainian.”

As of 2015, only 10% of Ukrainians professed the Catholic faith, and 7% were not religious. Meanwhile, 5% of Ukrainians refused to answer.

What do Ukrainians eat?

One of the most popular Ukrainian dishes is a bright red beetroot soup that contains meat, such as chicken or fish, called “Borsch”Community Kitchen reports.

It can also be replaced with vegetables instead of meat, and usually a large ball of sour cream is placed on top.

Another dish that is mostly eaten in the north of Ukraine – it’s potato pancakes, or “Deruni”, – says the Kitchen Community. It consists of fried potatoes, served in the form of pancakes, and may be accompanied by sour cream or yogurt.

One meal is named after the capital of Ukraine Kiev – “Chicken Kiev“, – writes Theculturetrip.com.

This “simple combination of fresh chicken fillet with a slice of butter is considered quite exquisite all over the world”.

Famous Ukrainian dessert called Dumplings and strewn with cherries, according to Destinations.com. Simply put, these are Ukrainian dumplings that have been part of Ukrainian culture for years.

You can still find dishes of Ukrainian cuisine here.

This story was originally published February 26, 2022, 1:48 p.m.

Julia Marnin is a McClatchy National Real-Time reporter covering the South and Northeast in New York City. She is a graduate of New Jersey College and joined McClach in 2021. She has previously written for Newsweek, Modern Luxury, Gannett and others.

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